The USTA has an 8 stage model of the serve – which finishes with a pronounced back leg kick (featuring Andy Roddick, the previous model was Maria Sharapova) But what of Serena’s serve, the acknowledged best ever single stroke in the history of women’s tennis. To my eye the difference is whether one’s energy is going up toward the ball, or moving forward into the court.
The 3 Major Types Of Serves In Tennis. The 3 major types of serves used in tennis are the flat (limited spin), slice (sidespin), and topspin “kick” serves (Figure 2).It is important to understand the differences in these serves and how they may affect the kinetic chain muscle activation patterns and summation of forces.
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This serve is the most basic kick serve and most players will use it for the second serve a large percentage of the time, especially on hard courts. When well executed this serve is heavy and difficult to deal with because it can bounce well above the returner's preferred contact height.
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Oftentimes, players will jump only off the front leg, especially players who step-up on the serve. Make sure the back (right) leg is driving in synchrony with the left. Once they can make the jump and the landing without the ball, they progress to the actual hit.
Step 1: The Stance. A proper tennis serve stance is when your feet are positioned so that the front foot is pointing towards the right net post (for right-handers) and the back foot is parallel to the baseline. Basic serve stance gives you balance in all directions.
If you’re jumping, ensure to land with your front leg into the court. Then, kick up your back leg behind to achieve perfect balance on your serve. Regardless, you want to have some upward and forward momentum into the court. Get that body momentum going up and forward in order to hit successful tennis serves.